M. G. Mungal
The pictures show turbulent jet visualization (Re = 4100, methane) through
Mie scattering (instantaneous, green) and flame emission (1/30 s average,
a) Nonreacting, jet seed is alumina.
b) Lifted flame, jet seed is alumina.
c) Lifted flame, co-flow seed is glycerol-water fog.
The axial view is about 50 nozzle diameters or 24 cm.
Muniz, L. and Mungal, M. G., Instantaneous Flame-Stabilization Velocities in Lifted-Jet Diffusion Flames, Combustion and
Flame, 111, 1997, 16-31.